Bethany Theological Seminary Online New Testament Greek Course

Introduction to New Testament Greek I - Online - B115 Fall Semester 2012

Bethany Theological Seminary, Richmond Indiana

Instructor: Susan Jeffers

Online Greek I and II are being offered in the 2012-13 academic year. The course is completely online, with no in-person classroom attendance. However, the instructor is readily available for individual consultation via email, Skype, and telephone. This is a for-credit seminary level course, offered through an ATS accredited seminary.

Greek II begins January 29, 2013. This is a second semester of beginning Greek, covering the second half of introductory Greek grammar and vocabulary. If you have sufficient prior preparation in biblical Greek, please email the instructor to discuss whether this course would be a good fit for you. Greek I-II is offered in alternate years; Greek I is next scheduled for August, 2014.

For more information about the course itself, please contact the instructor. For information on enrollment, tuition, etc., please contact Amy Gall Ritchie or Tracy Stoddart Primozich at Bethany Theological Seminary, 800-287-8822.

This web page was last updated on 1 December 2012. Minor changes may be posted later.

Before the Course Officially Begins on Thursday 23 August 2012

Welcome to New Testament Greek! You're welcome to use this page to learn the Greek alphabet and sound out words, even if you don't take the course. The online course itself uses open source online courseware known as Moodle.

If you're considering taking the course please EMail the instructor (specify Bethany Greek I, Fall 2012) so I'll know you've gotten this far, and keep me posted as to how you're coming along. I'll be checking the Moodle course itself for enrolled students' completion of the assignments.
Late enrollments will in general not be accepted. If you have any problems with the assignment (technical or otherwise) please don't hesitate to EMail or call the instructor, Susan Jeffers, at

IMPORTANT NOTE: Please start as soon as possible studying the Croy textbook, and completing the exercises at the end of each lesson. The schedule feels pretty intense to most students, and it will help you to have a bit of a head start, particularly on mastering the alphabet and "sounding out" Greek words and sentences.

(1) Get the Books

Order them from the Earlham College Bookstore (765-983-1310). You can also try to find them at a discounted price online or locally, new or used, if you start looking early, but be aware that as the fall semester approaches they will become harder to get. Booksellers have been known to confirm orders and promise delivery dates which they are then unable to meet due to high demand.

3 Required books:

(1) A Primer of Biblical Greek, by N. Clayton Croy (Eerdmans). Any edition; some editions include a CD with a large pdf of resources. The pdf is available online, so you don't actually need the CD.

(2) The Greek New Testament, Fourth Revised Edition with Dictionary (Deutsche Biblegesellschaft/United Bible Societies) ISBN 978-3-438-05137-0.
You must have this exact edition! Check the ISBN, as there are many similar-looking editions. We will be referring to specific page numbers and reference materials found only in this edition.

Here are sample pages so you can be sure you have the correct book:
GNT pp 382-383 - the beginning of John chapter 15
GNT Dictionary pp. 8-9

(3) Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, 3rd edition, by Walter Bauer, William Arndt and Frederick W. Danker (University of Chicago Press, 2000) ISBN 0226039331.
Again, you must have this exact edition; check the ISBN carefully.

Optional books:

A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament, by Bruce M. Metzger. United Bible Societies, 1971, 1994 or other.

Building Your New Testament Greek Vocabulary, Third Edition. By Robert E. Van Voorst.(Society of Biblical Literature, 2001). ISBN 978-1589830024

(2) Install the font

In order to learn Greek over the Internet in this course, you will need to install the "bwgrkl" Greek font. Fonts are the computer's way of handling Greek letters, so you see the Greek alphabet on your computer screen rather than English. You will need to "install" this font on the computer you'll be using for the course. If you're not particularly computer savvy, get someone to help you, or just try following the instructions at the link. If you get stuck, you can call the instructor, but try it on your own first. You can also contact Bethany's Seminary Computing Support,, for assistance.

Bwgrkl is the font that comes with the computer program BibleWorks. It will be the primary font I'll use when I post examples, exercises and quiz questions. You can also use it for incorporating Greek script into your academic or other writing, for example if you want to discuss a particular Greek word or phrase. You can download Bwgrkl at When you have it properly installed on your computer, you should see the writing at the right in Greek characters. evlqe,tw h` basilei,a sou\ genhqh,tw to. qe,lhma, sou( w`j evn ouvranw/| kai. evpi. gh/j\

Even before you have the font working properly (in other words, the writing in the right column above is in Greek), click here to start learning the Greek alphabet.

Then, when the font is installed, if you like you can practice sounding out Greek sentences by reading along with 1 John 1:5-2:5 or John 1:1-18. You'll need a sound card, speakers, and properly installed software to hear the Greek pronounced. Even though no one actually speaks New Testament Greek today (in the sense of using it in everyday life), nevertheless speaking and hearing the Greek New Testament will aid your learning tremendously. Memorizing passages of the New Testament in Greek can also be a wonderful devotional practice, and over time will deepen your understanding of scripture.

NOTE: To learn the Greek alphabet and practice sounding out Greek words, you can use either the sound files linked from this page OR the various resources available commercially or free online. You are also free to use either the "Erasmian" style pronunciation presented here and in Croy, or "modern" Greek pronunciation. Just be sure to choose one system and stick with it, and get to a reasonable degree of proficiency early on, sounding out Greek words and reading aloud! Unless you have some particular reason to choose modern pronunciation, you're probably best-off using Erasmian.

(3) Arrange for audio recording and scanning.

You will need to make mp3 audio recordings of yourself reading Greek aloud, to upload for feedback. Your computer may already have a built-in microphone and software that will work; some students have found the free "Audacity" software suitable as well.

You will also need, at least occasionally, to scan and upload your hand-written work, so you should arrange some way to do this. If you do not have ready access to a scanner, I am also willing to accept faxes, but scanning to a pdf is much better.

(4) Log on to Moodle and start the course

This course consists of 14 weekly units using the required books and the online "Moodle" courseware. Check back here later for the details of the course schedule. We'll be covering roughly half of the Croy text in Greek I, and the second half in Greek II. Throughout the course you will need to set aside at least 9-12 hours of "quality time" per week for studying the chapters, memorizing vocabulary and grammatical forms, and doing the exercises. In addition, you will need to check Email and log onto the Internet for at least 30 minutes or an hour twice or three times per week. If you have commitments that you know will keep you from working on a particular unit at the scheduled time, you can work ahead; but once a unit's end date has come no late work will be accepted. Toward the end of the semester, you will need to arrange for a suitable local proctor to monitor your work on the final exam.


To enter the Moodle courseware:

(1) Go to

(2) Click on "Fall 2012 Courses"

(3) Click on "New Testament Greek I (Fall 2012)" and follow the instructions to log on.

If you have trouble with the logon procedure, please try the "help me log in" button on the Moodle login page. After that, if you think your trouble has to do with your user ID or password, email for assistance. If you have a username and password but do not seem to be enrolled in the course, contact Deb Gropp in Academic Services (

Once you're in the Moodle course, your work for the first few weeks should be reasonably self-explanatory. If you have any questions, don't hesitate to call or EMail the instructor!

Any questions? Don't hesitate to contact Susan Jeffers,